서사 담화의 ‘역사적 현재’에 관한 연구
Received: Nov 10, 2018 ; Revised: Dec 18, 2018 ; Accepted: Dec 20, 2018
Published Online: Dec 31, 2018
The purposes of this paper are to explain how Historical Present(HP) can express past situations, and to investigate characteristic aspects of narrative clauses in which HP occurs, and the differences in motivation to use HP depending on genres. First, we argued that in using HP the speaker assumes new space similar to screen of the movie, through which the speaker/hearer can watch the past situation, so that they feel as if it were now present before their eyes. Second, by analysing oral and written narratives in Korean, we have found that 1) not ‘갑자기(all of a sudden)’ but ‘막(violently, or recklessly)’ tends to co-occur with HP in Korean, 2) deictic expressions occasionally change with HP, but not always. 3) in case of oral narratives, HP is more frequently used than other tense forms with verbs of saying in reporting sentences, regardless of directness of reporting. Finally, it was suggested that, depending on genre, the motivation to use HP seems to be different. In oral narratives, it is more dramatic and for vividness. In written narratives, however, it is more strategic, for example, for the purpose of marking important situation or dividing scenes of the story.