의존명사 ‘둥’/‘듯’ 반복 구성체의 공통점과 차이점

다카치토모나리 1 ,
Tomonari Takachi 1 ,
Author Information & Copyright
1Tenri University
Corresponding Author: Associate Professor, Department of Foreign Language, Tenri University, 1050, Somanouchi, Tenri, Nara 632-8510, Japan, E-mail:

ⓒ Copyright 2022 Language Education Institute, Seoul National University. This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Received: Oct 05, 2021 ; Revised: Mar 16, 2022 ; Accepted: Apr 21, 2022

Published Online: Apr 30, 2022


This study aims to shed light on functional-semantic similarities and differences between repetitive constructions with the bound nouns twung and tus in Korean. It is common to both of them that they express both positive and negative polarities at the same time. However, most past research failed to clearly explain the differences between the repetitive constructions. A few studies have suggested that the repetitive constructions function as epistemic modals. This study intends to solve these problems. Considering the essential meanings of the bound nouns twung and tus and analyzing example sentences, we reach the following conclusions. 1) The repetitive constructions do not function as epistemic modals. This is borne out by the fact that they cannot be used with adverbs such as ama and thullim-epsi, which communicate a speaker’s judgments about the factual status of propositions. 2) Repetitive constructions with twung differ essentially from those with tus in that the former are not always relevant to the situation expressed by the principal clause. 3) Conversely, the latter always indicate situational relevancy.

Keywords: bound nouns; repetitive constructions; positive; negative; situational relevancy



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