The Syntax of Temporal Adverbial Clauses in Korean and Its Implications

Duk-Ho An 1 ,
Author Information & Copyright
1Konkuk University
Corresponding Author: Professor, English Language & Literature, Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, Korea, E-mail:

ⓒ Copyright 2022 Language Education Institute, Seoul National University. This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Received: Jul 04, 2022 ; Revised: Aug 16, 2022 ; Accepted: Aug 23, 2022

Published Online: Aug 31, 2022


Haegeman (2012) argues, following Demirdache and Uribe-Etxebarria (2004), that when temporal adverbial clauses in English are essentially relative clauses that provide several pieces of evidence supporting it. In this paper, I examine the syntax of the Korean counterpart of when temporal clauses and point out that there is significant parallelism between Korean and English. Given the typological difference between the languages in question, this observation is significant and provides a novel piece of evidence in support of Haegeman’s and Demirdache and Uribe-Etxebarria’s analyses.

Keywords: temporal adverbial clause; adverbial, relative clause; argument-adjunct asymmetry; subjacency; cartography; comparative syntax



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